Princeton University Shield Princeton University

Tod G. Hamilton

Department of Sociology
245 Wallace Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544
609-258-5938

How diverse is the black population in the United States?

Between 1960 and 2005, the number of black immigrants in the United States increased from approximately 125,000 to approximately 2,815,000. Relative to the size of the black immigrant population in the United States, this group has also contributed disproportionately to the growth of the entire black population in recent decades. If these trends continue, black immigrants and their descendants will play a significant role in determining perceptions of social and economic well-being of the country’s black population in future decades.

My current work investigates how these demographic changes impact racial disparities in health and labor market outcomes among individuals who reside in the United States. I’m currently involved in two strands of research. The first evaluates the factors that generate labor market differences between black immigrants and black natives. The second strand of research explores the degree of health selection among black immigrants as well as the role that conditions in black immigrants’ countries of origin play in explaining variation in their post-migration health in the United States.

Selected Publications: 

Hamilton, Tod. 2014. “Selection, language heritage, and the earnings trajectories of Black immigrants in the United States.” Demography 50: 975-1002.

Hamilton, Tod. 2014.  “Do country-of-origin characteristics help explain variation in health among black immigrants in the United States?” Social Science Quarterly 95:817-834.\

Green, Tiffany and Tod Hamilton. 2013. “Beyond black and white: Color and mortality in post-reconstruction era North Carolina.” Explorations in Economic History 50: 148-159.

Hamilton, Tod and Ichiro Kawachi.2012. “Changes in income inequality and the health of immigrants.” Social Science and Medicine 80: 57-66.

Hamilton, Tod and Robert Hummer. 2011. “Immigration and the health of U.S. black adults: does country of origin matter?” Social Science and Medicine 73:1551-1560.